Blocking Crochet: Just Do It

Yes.  Block.  Yes.  Even if your project looks good to you right off the hook it will look even better blocked, with keener stitch definition, more even edges and proportions, and an overall professional finish. Most of my designs feature seamless, one piece construction and are blocked after they’re done. For projects that are created in separate sections (back, fronts, sleeves) it would be wise to block each piece to measurements before assembly. Yes, that includes motif afghans.

I get a lot of complaints from fans and readers about blocking. Not to perpetuate the perception of crochet and knitting as US vs. Them, but apparently, knitters just do it. In every single knitting pattern I have ever read, particularly for designs requiring the sewing of seams, the Finishing section routinely begins with the words “Block pieces to measurements”. Why, oh why is that same instruction in a crochet pattern greeted with so much fear and loathing?

It’s not because we are slackers unconcerned that our work look its best. The more I interact with crocheters the more I suspect that our attitude about blocking derives from our personal experience with crochet. By far the largest segment of the crochet population comes from a place of craft yarn and from making not-garments.

I was hardly surprised by the recently published results of the 2010 U.S. Attitude & Usage Study by the Craft & Hobby Association (CHA) wherein crocheting shows up as third (with 17.4 million doers) among the Top Ten Crafts by Household Participation (knitting is ninth with 13 million). Crochet ranks seventh (with over a billion dollars) in the Top Ten Craft Segments by Sales.  Knitting does not even appear on that  list.

You really can’t compare these statistics with what we were told in the survey from The National NeedleArts Association (TNNA, a summary of The State of Specialty NeedleArts 2010 is available to the public) because the two studies are, like, apples and oranges… or Boyes and Bates.  I did it anyway.  Picking apart the differences in survey methodology, the statistical significance of the sample sizes (the actual number of crochet respondents in each of the studies), and myriad ways these statistics may be interpreted, I feel the numbers back up something we already knew.  Crocheters spend an uncontested, undeniably big fat whopping gang of money on craft yarn  and not as much money (at least not as much as our knitting sisters) on yarn shop yarn.

Between the lines of these surveys lives the traditional and stereotypic inference that crochet is all about afghans and home goods; knitting is about sweaters and socks.  In my experience the difference is very real.  I have never met a knitter who has not knitted at least one wearable for self.  Can’t say the same about crocheters.

So it is no surprise that millions of crocheters coming from a place of craft yarns and craft projects have never blocked any of their work. Most craft crochet doesn’t truly  need it. I readily concede that there are fibers, project categories and constructions that you don’t want to block, and that we make some things that wouldn’t be any better if blocked so why bother: obviously,  jewelry and beaded/embellished masterpieces; anything crocheted in little bitty pieces or destined to be stuffed (toys, amigurimi, dolls, scrumbles); anything crocheted very firmly and solidly (“hard” crochet meant to stand up on its own); anything for everyday household use (potholders, coasters, tissue covers, dishcloths);  most bags, belts and other accessories like hair doo dads.  No block, no worries.

HOWEVER, day by day more crocheters are coming to my lace garment designs after years (decades for some) of non-garment crochet.  I am overjoyed every time I meet a long-time craft crocheter who has caught the excitement, newly determined to make something wonderful to wear, taking the first steps toward the Dark Side. Once you start down the Dark Path, forever will it dominate your destiny, consume you it will.  🙂

To you I offer these words of encouragement.  I do not berate you for not knowing what you don’t know through experience.  But from this day forth you will block.  Yes you will.  Really.

Blocking is in part for the benefit of the yarn, to bring out the qualities of the fiber that are not apparent in the hank, or to attenuate the qualities already there. In other words there’s more than meets the eye/hand, particularly with many animal fibers like wool and mohair and to some extent alpaca and cashmere which are expected to soften and full (plump up or halo out). You would never have seen this happen with acrylic where blocking makes no discernible change in the fiber.

But it’s not just about the  yarn.  The major goodness of blocking is about the crochet stitches and the fabric.  If the yarn is kinky or twisty out of the skein, if the stitch pattern has bunchy bits, holely places, shaping (like ripples, increases or decreases, short rows), blocking helps to lock the stitches in place and smooth out the hinky bits. I did these swatches for an article I wrote a while back.  They’ve been stored… kinda balled up and stuffed in a box all this time… but you can still see what happens.

Do I have to tell you which is which?

To make that swatch come out so horrible I had to force myself to crochet without messing with it at all.  You can’t help but smooth, straighten, pull and stretch the work as you go; we all do it.  It’s part of being able to correctly read your crochet stitches and see what the heck you’re doing. So in that instance the work was artificially made to look really lousy off the hook on purpose.

What about if you finger block as you go and it looks decent off the hook?

Still dont have to say which is which.

Then it becomes an issue of fit and fabric. Blocking helps you achieve full measured garment dimensions and helps create the fabric that you’d most want to wear.  Most lace will gain in both width and length after blocking, but not always in the same proportions or in any calculable way, so you really have to do it to know the end result.  Most crocheted fabric will open up and have improved drape after blocking, be better able to bend, curve and mold around the body.  What you get is a better looking and better fitting garment.

Hey, I block afghans, too.  Especially lace stitch ones.  Even ones that are made in craft yarn granny squares. It never hurts and it always gives your work a smooth, even appearance that spells “hand-made” instead of “home-made”.  Know what I’m saying?

So if I’ve cajoled you into just doing it, check this separate page for an expanded excerpt from one of my DJC Designs patterns that addresses the technique.  Trust me, it be OK.


22 thoughts on “Blocking Crochet: Just Do It

  1. I made your “Light and Lacy Top” with acrylic yarn (TLC Essentials). The top came out the right size without blocking. Do I still need to block acrylic yarn? I am afraid the top won’t be the correct size after I block it. I was going to wait until I had to wash the top to block it.

    P. S. I am not a very experienced crocheter and was thrilled just to be able to follow the pattern and make the top.

  2. Really appreciate your detailed explanation of the importance of blocking – something I haven’t done yet but will definitely learn more about as I begin working on more wearables.

  3. Ahhh for the most part I am a non-blocker. Blocking, I feel, has a place dependent upon the piece you are creating. I have blocked when necessary; granted, I still believe that for most items, the crochet does it on its own (with the finger blocking as we go, of course) – which if you think about it, perhaps that is another part of the appeal that drives the statistical numbers up. Crochet is faster, so of course we would be using more yarn than our knitting counterparts, and if it has less “prep” work to finish, then people would be more inclined to take up the hobby. A great read though – and yes, I’m going to go read about your technique (just to see if we do it the same way hehehe)

    And it reminds me, I have to finish another doily and spend some time blocking them both 😛

  4. Actually, the first crochet project I ever blocked was one of your lace shawls. I actually made three of them, one for each of my bridesmaids, and thought “well, if they’re gifts, I should probably block them.” The result was great — you could really appreciate the pineapple patterns. Now I’m a convert; I block all my finished products, including the baby blanket I just finished.

  5. Thank you for encouraging your readers to block their garments. I crocheted the Abydos Vest and, for the first time, tried blocking a garment. I used your very thorough instructions. The vest looks great. Blocking and shaping the vest improved the neckline and armhole shapes. The vest lies flat instead of having slight ripples. I will be blocking my work from now on. Thank you also for the wonderful blocking instructions.

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  7. I have never blocked before but only because I never really understood why I should. After reading this I understand now. I guess I’ll be blocking more often now. Thanks for the delightful read. Now I’m off to read how to do it.

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  11. I didn’t know anything about blocking when I first did some lace pieces. I did a filet crochet piece for my sister in law with their last name which I copied from one her parents had received (so romantic no?) and had it framed. Years later every time i see it I cringe and wish I could take it out of there! Maybe one day I will.

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  15. One question that came up in a blocking video that I watched. Doesn’t the piece go back to it’s original shape after the piece has been washed? I’ve never blocked. I do see the appeal to it, but wonder the same thing is all that work in vain? I’ve done a few lacy blankets as gifts and now wonder if blocking could have made them better. hmm I think I’ll try it with the project I’m working on now since it calls for it. but I do worry about wasting time doing it, only for it to revert back to it’s original shape once it’s washed. Thanks for explanation. I can totally see why blocking is needed for garments, (which I’ve never made) anyway, Happy Crafting.

    • Whether your piece will finish to the “as crocheted” dimensions is not a simple thing to say. It depends on a few factors, the yarn (wool and mohair as opposed to cotton or acrylic), the gauge (relaxed or firm), the stitch pattern (open and lacy or solid). Lacy blankets will definitely benefit from blocking no matter what the yarn. ALL LACE NEEDS BLOCKING to look its best. You just have to do it and learn from the experience as I have over decades. 🙂

      • Great advice! never to old to learn new tricks, and I think since most of my projects are gifts to people it’s worth the added effort to make it look the best it can.

  16. Ok, I’m new to this crocheting thingy. I just made 3 dresses ( 2 are acrylic and 1 is cotton ). I just recently read about blocking. Is there a way to give me some tips on how to block crocheted baby dresses? Is it different way when it’s cotton or when it’s acrylic? The dress already looked pretty but after reading some articles especially yours, I made a decision to block my crocheted dress before giving these to a friend that’s pregnant and due in July… Thank You and God Bless!!

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    • No, nobody is forcing you to block your top. If you are happy with it, please do as you wish. I only offer my professional opinion. Having designed and crocheted hundreds of garments, I know for my own standards that I would NEVER consider wearing or submitting a piece without blocking it. As I have said, blocking isn’t just about getting the stated size or dimensions, but also about giving the yarn, the stitches (particularly lace) and the fabric an overall finished appearance and drape. Even acrylic.

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